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14.12.2017 | Urology - Original Paper | Ausgabe 2/2018

International Urology and Nephrology 2/2018

Impact of posterior urethral diameter/external urethral sphincter diameter as a new tool to predict detrusor pressure in the voiding phase

Zeitschrift:
International Urology and Nephrology > Ausgabe 2/2018
Autoren:
Masafumi Kon, Takahiko Mitsui, Takeya Kitta, Kimihiko Moriya, Nobuo Shinohara, Masayuki Takeda, Katsuya Nonomura

Abstract

Purposes

We measured posterior urethra diameter (PUD) and external urethral sphincter diameter (EUSD), which can also be measured by voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) and investigated the relationship between PUD/EUSD and detrusor pressure (Pdet) during voiding by videourodynamics (VUDS).

Methods

Sixty-three children, who were 3 years old or less and underwent VUDS, were enrolled in the present study. We measured PUD and EUSD in addition to detrusor pressure at the time of the widest EUS during voiding (Pdet-voiding) by VUDS, and PUD/EUSD was investigated compared to Pdet-voiding.

Results

Seventy-eight VUDS were performed in 63 patients, and the median age at VUDS was 10.2 months. These studies revealed a significant correlation between PUD/EUSD and Pdet-voiding (r = 0.641, p < 0.001). However, a significant correlation was not observed between PUD/EUSD and age (r = 0.180). We defined Pdet-voiding of more than 80 cmH2O as a high voiding pressure, and a PUD/EUSD of 2.4 was a good predictor for the cutoff value for high voiding pressure. Pdet-voiding was significantly higher in children with a PUD/EUSD of ≥ 2.4 (p < 0.001). In 19 children who had neurological diseases, a significant correlation was found between PUD/EUSD and Pdet-voiding (r = 0.842, p < 0.001), and a PUD/EUSD of 2.4 was a useful cutoff value for high voiding pressure.

Conclusions

PUD/EUSD is a valuable tool to predict high voiding pressure in pediatric patients. A PUD/EUSD of ≥ 2.4 in VCUG indicates the need to perform more invasive tests, such as VUDS, in pediatric patients aged 3 and under with neuropathic diseases.

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