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18.11.2019 | Original Article

Investigating the route of administration and efficacy of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells and conditioned medium in type 1 diabetic mice

Seyed Mahmoud Hashemi, Zuhair Mohammad Hassan, Nikoo Hossein-Khannazer, Ali Akbar Pourfathollah, Sara Soudi
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Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a chronic autoimmune disease destroying the insulin-producing beta cells. Recently, stem cell therapy has been tested to treat T1D. In the present study, we aim to investigate the effects of intraperitoneal and intravenous infusion of multipotent mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) and MSC-conditioned medium (MSC-CM) in an experimental model of diabetes, induced by multiple injections of Streptozotocin (STZ). The adipose tissue-derived MSC and MSC-CM were isolated from C57Bl/6 male mice and characterized. Later, MSC and MSC-CM were injected intraperitoneally or intravenously into mice. The blood glucose, urinary glucose, and body weight were measured, and the percentages of CD4+ CD25+ FOXP3+ T cells as well as the levels of IFN-γ, TGF-β, IL-4, IL-17, and IL-10 were evaluated. Our results showed that both intraperitoneal and intravenous infusions of MSC and MSC-CM could decrease the blood glucose, recover pancreatic islets, and increase the levels of insulin-producing cells. Furthermore, the percentage of CD4+ CD25+ FOXP3+ T cells was increased after intraperitoneal injection of MSC or MSC-CM and intravenous injection of MSCs. After intraperitoneal injection of the MSC and MSC-CM, the levels of inflammatory cytokines reduced, while the levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines increased. Together current data showed that although both intraperitoneal and intravenous administration had beneficial effects on T1D animal model, but intraperitoneal injection of AD-MSC and AD-MSC-CM was more effective than systemic administration.

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