Skip to main content
main-content

21.08.2018 | Knee

Kinematic component alignment in total knee arthroplasty leads to better restoration of natural tibiofemoral kinematics compared to mechanic alignment

Zeitschrift:
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Autoren:
Günther Maderbacher, Armin Keshmiri, Bernd Krieg, Felix Greimel, Joachim Grifka, Clemens Baier

Abstract

Purpose

Kinematically aligned total knee arthroplasty is associated with superior pain relief, increased flexion and a more normal feeling knee. It was hypothesized that due to restoring the knee’s natural anatomy, kinematically aligned knees show more physiological tibiofemoral kinematics than mechanically aligned knees.

Methods

Investigations were performed in nine healthy cadaveric knees of whole bodies fixed by the Thiel method. Tibiofemoral kinematics of healthy knees and after kinematically and mechanically aligned total knee arthroplasty were assessed between 0° and 90° of flexion by a navigational device.

Results

Regarding tibial internal rotation or femoral roll back, respectively, kinematically aligned total knee arthroplasties showed no significant differences between 0° and 70° of flexion in comparison to knees before total knee arthroplasty. In contrast, mechanically aligned total knee arthroplasties showed significant changes between 10° and 90° of flexion. Kinematically aligned knees showed a significant changed abduction/adduction between 20° and 70° of flexion, mechanically aligned knees within 20° and 90° of flexion.

Conclusion

In the present study setting kinematically aligned total knee arthroplasties showed more natural and physiological tibiofemoral kinematic pattern with regard to tibial internal rotation or femoral rollback, respectively, and tibial adduction than mechanically aligned total knee arthroplasties. While these results may support promising early clinical results of kinematical alignment proposing a better function, long-term results especially implant survival need to be awaited.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Bis zum 22.10. bestellen und 100 € sparen!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie

 

 

 
 

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise