Skip to main content

25.03.2020 | Original Article

Lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio and risk of hemorrhagic transformation in patients with acute ischemic stroke

Neurological Sciences
Quhong Song, Ruosu Pan, Yuxi Jin, Yanan Wang, Yajun Cheng, Junfeng Liu, Bo Wu, Ming Liu
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10072-020-04355-z) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.



Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is a common complication of acute ischemic stroke (AIS), and inflammation has been found to play an important role in the occurrence of HT. We aimed to investigate the impact of lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), a maker of inflammatory status, on HT in patients with AIS.


Consecutive AIS patients within 7 days from stroke onset were enrolled between January 2016 and October 2017. LMR was calculated according to lymphocyte and monocyte counts obtained within 24 h on admission. Patients were categorized into three groups according to LMR tertiles. HT was detected by follow-up computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during hospitalization. The multivariate logistic analysis was used to evaluate the independent relationship between LMR and HT.


A total of 1005 patients were finally included. HT was observed in 99 (9.9%) patients, with 51 (5.1%) hemorrhagic infarction (HI) and 48 (4.8%) parenchymal hematoma (PH). After adjustment for potential confounders, the odds ratio (OR) of HT was 0.523 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.293–0.936, P = 0.029) for the highest LMR tertile compared with the lowest tertile. Multiple-adjusted spline regression model showed a nonlinear approximately L-shaped relationship between LMR levels and HT (P for nonlinear trend = 0.030). There was no significant association of baseline LMR with PH (OR 0.562, 95% CI 0.249–1.268, P = 0.165).


Lower LMR was independently related to higher risk of HT in patients with AIS. Admission LMR may be used as one of the predictors for HT. Further prospective multicenter studies are needed to validate our findings.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf

Jetzt e.Med zum Sonderpreis bestellen!

Sichern Sie sich jetzt Ihr e.Med-Abo und sparen Sie 50 %!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Über diesen Artikel
  1. Sie können e.Med Neurologie & Psychiatrie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Sie können e.Med Neurologie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.