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20.05.2016 | Head and Neck | Ausgabe 12/2016

European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 12/2016

Medial sural artery perforator flap in head and neck reconstruction

European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology > Ausgabe 12/2016
Heval Selman Özkan, Saime İrkören, Osman Enver Aydın, Aylin Eryılmaz, Hüray Karaca


Medial sural artery perforator (MSAP) flap is a relatively new flap which is a modification of medial gastrocnemius myocutaneous flap. Both radial forearm flap and MSAP has common benefits, such as thinness, long pedicle and pliability; however, MSAP has lower donor site morbidity when compared with radial forearm flap. Because of this reason, the MSAP flap has gained popularity during the last decade. The objective of this study was to determine clinical application results of this flap in reconstruction of post-oncologic defects in the head and neck region. 11 patients operated for head and neck post oncologic defects and reconstructed with MSAP between June 2014 and Dec 2015 were included in the study. Age, gender, histopathology, area of reconstruction, flap size, number of perforators were reviewed. Postoperatively recipient and donor site complications, hospital stay and additional surgical procedures were also analyzed. We had seven uncomplicated cases; one total flap failure due to arterial problem, in three cases due fistula formation and local wound healing problems additional surgeries were performed. All venous anastomosis were performed with 9/0 sutures, nine arterial anastomosis were performed with 9/0 and two arterial anastomosis were performed with 10/0 nylon sutures. Medial sural artery perforator flap is a good alternative in head and neck reconstruction, with the advantages of thin and pliable skin, a reliable vascular pedicle, straightforward intramuscular dissection. But there are certain drawbacks like tedious pedicle and perforator dissection, small arterial pedicle size which complicates anastomosis and obscurities of anatomy. Surgical team must always be ready for a difficult micro anastomosis and an alternative flap choice must be prepared and counseled with the patient in case of inadequate perforators.

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