Skip to main content
main-content

01.03.2018 | Review Article | Ausgabe 2/2018

Anatomical Science International 2/2018

Oncostatin M in the development of metabolic syndrome and its potential as a novel therapeutic target

Zeitschrift:
Anatomical Science International > Ausgabe 2/2018
Autoren:
Tadasuke Komori, Yoshihiro Morikawa

Abstract

Oncostatin M (OSM), a member of the IL-6 family of cytokines, plays an important role in various biologic actions, including cell growth, neuronal development, and inflammatory responses. Recently, we demonstrated the unique relationship between OSM and metabolic syndrome in mice. Mice lacking OSM receptor β subunit (OSMRβ−/− mice) exhibited late-onset obesity. Before the onset of obesity, adipose tissue inflammation and insulin resistance were observed in OSMRβ−/− mice. In addition, high-fat diet-induced metabolic disorders, including obesity, adipose tissue inflammation, insulin resistance, and hepatic steatosis, were aggravated in OSMRβ−/− mice compared to those in wild-type mice. Consistent with these findings, OSM treatment dramatically improved these metabolic disorders in the mouse model of metabolic syndrome. Interestingly, OSM directly changed the phenotypes of adipose tissue macrophages toward anti-inflammatory M2 type. Furthermore, fatty acid content in the hepatocytes was decreased by OSM through expression regulation of several key enzymes of hepatic lipid metabolism. These findings suggest that OSM is a novel therapeutic target for metabolic syndrome.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 2/2018

Anatomical Science International 2/2018 Zur Ausgabe