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01.12.2018 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

World Journal of Surgical Oncology 1/2018

Outcome and prognostic factors in cervical cancer patients treated with surgery and concurrent chemoradiotherapy: a retrospective study

Zeitschrift:
World Journal of Surgical Oncology > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Yan-Mei Liu, Ling-Qin Ni, Sai-Sai Wang, Qian-Ling Lv, Wei-Jun Chen, Shen-Peng Ying

Abstract

Background

The objective of this study is to analyze the treatment outcome and secondary reactions in 98 patients with stage I–III cervical carcinoma who underwent postoperative radiotherapy.

Methods

From 2006 to 2014, 98 patients with stage I–III cervical carcinoma were treated with postoperative radiotherapy. The major histological type, found in 92.86% of the patients (91 cases), was squamous cell carcinoma. Patients were staged according to the 2002 TNM guidelines. The postoperative radiotherapy methods included two-field irradiation (16 patients, 16.32%), four-field box irradiation (16 patients, 16.32%), and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT; 66 patients, 67.36%). The survival rates were represented using Kaplan-Meier curves, and prognosis analyses were performed using Cox multivariate analyses.

Results

The 5-year overall survival and progression-free survival rates were 82.0 and 76.0%, respectively. Only one patient (1.02%) developed a grade 3 acute radiation enteritis, while grade 3 and 4 myelosuppression was noted in 17 patients (17.35%) and one patient (1.02%), respectively. Multivariate analyses showed that anemia before radiotherapy and tumor size were predictors of the OS (P = 0.008, P = 0.045) rates.

Conclusions

Postoperative radiotherapy for patients with risk factors of cervical cancer procured good efficacy levels with mild side effects. Anemia and tumor size were important OS predictors.
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