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01.12.2015 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2015 Open Access

BMC Women's Health 1/2015

Predictors of modern contraceptive methods use among married women of reproductive age groups in Western Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study

Zeitschrift:
BMC Women's Health > Ausgabe 1/2015
Autoren:
Tesfalidet Tekelab, Alemu Sufa Melka, Desalegn Wirtu
Wichtige Hinweise

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors’ contributions

TT, AS, DW carried out the research from conception to the write up of the final draft of the article. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Authors’ information

TT is Lecturer of Reproductive and Maternal Health, Department of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Medical and Health Sciences, Wollega University, Ethiopia.
AS is Lecturer of Reproductive Health, Department of Public Health, College of Medical and Health Sciences, Wollega University, Ethiopia.
DW is assistant Professor of Reproductive Health, Department of Public Health, College of Medical and Health Sciences, Wollega University, Ethiopia.

Abstract

Background

In Ethiopia, the prevalence of modern contraceptive use is very low (27 %) and the percentage of those with unmet needs for family planning is 25 %. The current study identified factors associated with the utilization of modern contraceptive methods among married women in Western Ethiopia.

Methods

A community based, cross-sectional study was employed from April 10 to April 25, 2014, among married women of reproductive age in Nekemte Town. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select 1003 study participants. A pretested structured questionnaire was used to collect data, and data collectors who had completed high school were involved in the data collection process. A bivariate, multivariable logistic regression model was fit, and statistical significance was determined with a 95 % confidence level.

Result

The overall utilization rate of modern contraceptives in this study was 71.9 %. The most common form of modern contraceptives used was injectable (60.3 %). Age (AOR = 2.00, 95 % CI = 1.35–2.98), women’s educational level (AOR = 2.50, 95 % CI = 1.62–3.84), monthly income (AOR = 2.26, 95 % CI = 1.24–4.10), respondent’s fertility (AOR = 2.60, 95 % CI = 1.48–4.56), fertility-related decision (AOR = 3.70, 95 % CI = 2.45–5.58), and having radio (AOR = 1.93, 95 % CI = 1.37–2.71) showed significant positive associations with the utilization of modern contraceptive methods.

Conclusions

The findings showed that women’s empowerment, fertility-related discussions among couples, and the availability of the media were important factors that influenced the use of modern contraceptives. Thus, policymakers and implementers should work on those factors to increase the utilization of modern contraceptive methods.
Literatur
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