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20.11.2017 | Original Scientific Report | Ausgabe 2/2018 Open Access

World Journal of Surgery 2/2018

Preoperative 68Ga-DOTA-Somatostatin Analog-PET/CT Hybrid Imaging Increases Detection Rate of Intra-abdominal Small Intestinal Neuroendocrine Tumor Lesions

World Journal of Surgery > Ausgabe 2/2018
Olov Norlén, Harald Montan, Per Hellman, Peter Stålberg, Anders Sundin



Small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors (SI-NETs) are the most common form of neoplasm in the small bowel. Radiological identification of primary tumors (PT), which may be multiple, is difficult, and therefore palpation of the entire small bowel is routinely performed during laparotomy. The aim was to determine detection rates of PT and peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) with 68Ga-DOTATOC/TATE-PET/CT in comparison with i.v. contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CE-CT) and thus to clarify whether modern functional imaging can mitigate the need for palpation of bowel during surgery enabling oncologically adequate laparoscopic resection.


A total of 28 patients with SI-NET who preoperatively underwent both 68Ga-DOTATOC/TATE-PET/CT and CE-CT were included. The detection rates of PT and PC for PET/CT and CE-CT were compared to the findings in the surgical and histopathological reports. Appropriate statistical tests were used, and significance was set to p < 0.05.


Out of 82 PT, 43 PT were not detected by any imaging modality. More PT lesions were detected with PET/CT (n = 39 [47.5%]) than with CE-CT (n = 10 [12.2%], p < 0.001). Also, PET/CT identified significantly more PC lesions than CE-CT (78 and 38%, p = 0.004, respectively).


PET/CT detected more PT and PC lesions than CE-CT. Some PTs and PC lesions were only detected by one of the modalities, and CT performed in conjunction with PET/CT should therefore be performed as a fully diagnostic CE-CT for optimal results. Palpation of the small bowel remains crucial during surgery in these patients because several PTs escaped detection by both PET/CT and CE-CT.

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