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14.04.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2017 Open Access

Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 3/2017

Preventing the Complications Associated with the Use of Dermal Fillers in Facial Aesthetic Procedures: An Expert Group Consensus Report

Aesthetic Plastic Surgery > Ausgabe 3/2017
Fernando Urdiales-Gálvez, Nuria Escoda Delgado, Vitor Figueiredo, José V. Lajo-Plaza, Mar Mira, Francisco Ortíz-Martí, Rosa del Rio-Reyes, Nazaret Romero-Álvarez, Sofía Ruiz del Cueto, María A. Segurado, Cristina Villanueva Rebenaque



The use of dermal fillers in minimally invasive facial aesthetic procedures has become increasingly popular of late, yet as the indications and the number of procedures performed increase, the number of complications is also likely to increase. Paying special attention to specific patient characteristics and to the technique used can do much to avoid these complications. Indeed, a well-trained physician can also minimize the impact of such problems when they do occur.


A multidisciplinary group of experts in aesthetic treatments reviewed the main factors associated with the complications that arise when using dermal fillers. A search of English, French and Spanish language articles in PubMed was performed using the terms “complications” OR “soft filler complications” OR “injectable complications” AND “dermal fillers”. An initial document was drafted that reflected the complications identified and recommendations as to how they should be handled. This document was then reviewed and modified by the expert panel, until a final text was agreed upon and validated.


The panel addressed consensus recommendations about the preparation, the procedure and the post-procedural care. The panel considered it crucial to obtain an accurate medical history to prevent potential complications. An additional clinical assessment, including standardized photography, is also crucial to evaluate the outcomes and prevent potential complications. Furthermore, the state of the operating theatre, the patient’s health status and the preparation of the skin are critical to prevent superficial soft tissue infections. Finally, selecting the appropriate technique, based on the physician’s experience, as well as the characteristics of the patient and filler, helps to ensure successful outcomes and limits the complications.


This consensus document provides key elements to help clinicians who are starting to use dermal fillers to employ standard procedures and to understand how best to prevent potential complications of the treatment.

Level of Evidence V

This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.​springer.​com/​00266.

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