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14.08.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2019 Open Access

European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging 3/2019

Region-by-region analysis of PET, MRI, and histology in en bloc-resected oligodendrogliomas reveals intra-tumoral heterogeneity

European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging > Ausgabe 3/2019
Kenney Roy Roodakker, Ali Alhuseinalkhudhur, Mohammed Al-Jaff, Maria Georganaki, Maria Zetterling, Shala G. Berntsson, Torsten Danfors, Robin Strand, Per-Henrik Edqvist, Anna Dimberg, Elna-Marie Larsson, Anja Smits
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00259-018-4107-z) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.



Oligodendrogliomas are heterogeneous tumors in terms of imaging appearance, and a deeper understanding of the histopathological tumor characteristics in correlation to imaging parameters is needed. We used PET-to-MRI-to-histology co-registration with the aim of studying intra-tumoral 11C-methionine (MET) uptake in relation to tumor perfusion and the protein expression of histological cell markers in corresponding areas.


Consecutive histological sections of four tumors covering the entire en bloc-removed tumor were immunostained with antibodies against IDH1-mutated protein (tumor cells), Ki67 (proliferating cells), and CD34 (blood vessels). Software was developed for anatomical landmarks-based co-registration of subsequent histological images, which were overlaid on corresponding MET PET scans and MRI perfusion maps. Regions of interest (ROIs) on PET were selected throughout the entire tumor volume, covering hot spot areas, areas adjacent to hot spots, and tumor borders with infiltrating zone. Tumor-to-normal tissue (T/N) ratios of MET uptake and mean relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) were measured in the ROIs and protein expression of histological cell markers was quantified in corresponding regions. Statistical correlations were calculated between MET uptake, rCBV, and quantified protein expression.


A total of 84 ROIs were selected in four oligodendrogliomas. A significant correlation (p < 0.05) between MET uptake and tumor cell density was demonstrated in all tumors separately. In two tumors, MET correlated with the density of proliferating cells and vessel cell density. There were no significant correlations between MET uptake and rCBV, and between rCBV and histological cell markers.


The MET uptake in hot spots, outside hotspots, and in infiltrating tumor edges unanimously reflects tumor cell density. The correlation between MET uptake and vessel density and density of proliferating cells is less stringent in infiltrating tumor edges and is probably more susceptible to artifacts caused by larger blood vessels surrounding the tumor. Although based on a limited number of samples, this study provides histological proof for MET as an indicator of tumor cell density and for the lack of statistically significant correlations between rCBV and histological cell markers in oligodendrogliomas.

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