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01.12.2013 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 12/2013

Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 12/2013

RhoA and RhoC differentially modulate estrogen receptor α recruitment, transcriptional activities, and expression in breast cancer cells (MCF-7)

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology > Ausgabe 12/2013
Autoren:
Emilie Malissein, Elise Meunier, Isabelle Lajoie-Mazenc, Claire Médale-Giamarchi, Florence Dalenc, Sophie F. Doisneau-Sixou
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s00432-013-1533-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Purpose

RhoA and RhoC are closely related, small GTPases that are clearly involved in breast cancer tumorigenesis. Nonetheless, their specific roles in the control of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) activities have not been elucidated.

Methods

We used siRNA sequences to specifically down-regulate RhoA and RhoC expression in ERα-positive breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7 cells. We then analyzed the consequences of down-regulation on ERα expression, ERα recruitment to the promoters of four target genes, and the mRNA levels of those genes.

Results

We demonstrated that RhoA and RhoC clearly and similarly modulated ERα recruitment to the vitellogenin estrogen responsive element (ERE) present in a luciferase reporter gene and to the promoters of progesterone receptor (PR), cathepsin D, and pS2 genes. Besides, RhoA up-regulated the ERE-luciferase reporter gene activity and PR mRNA expression and tended to down-regulate cathepsin D and pS2 mRNA expression. Conversely, RhoC inhibition had no significant effect at the mRNA level. Furthermore, RhoA inhibition, and to a lesser extent RhoC inhibition, increased ERα expression. No alteration in ERα mRNA levels was observed, suggesting potential post-translational control.

Conclusions

Taken together, our results strongly suggest that RhoA and RhoC play different, but clear, roles in ERα signaling. These GTPases are definitely involved, along with RhoB, in ERα recruitment and, to some extent, ERα cofactor balance. We hypothesize a differential role of RhoA in breast cancer tumors that depend on hormone status.

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