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Roux-en-Y gastric bypass as a salvage procedure in complicated patients with failed fundoplication(s)

Surgical Endoscopy
Cynthia E. Weber, Zia Kanani, Max Schumm, Melissa Helm, Jon C. Gould
Wichtige Hinweise
Presented as a Podium Presentation at the 2018 meeting of the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons, Seattle, WA.



In symptomatic patients after failed fundoplication, reoperation is considered. In complex or obese patients, Roux-en Y gastric bypass (RYGB) may be the best operation. We sought to characterize the outcomes of patients with failed fundoplication to undergo salvage RYGB, and to compare these outcomes to patients undergoing reoperative fundoplication.


A prospectively maintained database was queried for procedures performed at a single institution from 2011 to 2017. GERD health-related quality of life (HRQL) surveys were administered at defined intervals.


Thirty-six patients underwent salvage RYGB and 84 patients underwent reoperative fundoplication. The RYGB cohort had a higher BMI (35.5 ± 6.8 vs. 28.7 ± 5.3, p < 0.01), more gastroparesis (52.8% vs. 9.5%, p < 0.01), more esophagitis (42.9% vs. 20.2%, p = 0.01), and more prior fundoplications (1.9 vs. 1.2, p < 0.01). The incidence of gastroparesis and esophagitis was directly related to the number of failed fundoplications (p < 0.05). Operative times were longer with RYGB (332.7 ± 131.5 vs. 200.0 ± 67.6 min, p < 0.01) as was length of stay (4.3 ± 3.4 vs. 2.8 ± 1.5 days, p = 0.02), incidence of Clavien-Dindo complications ≥ Grade 3 (19.4% vs. 4.8%, p = 0.01), 30-day reoperation (11.1% vs. 1.2%, p = 0.01), and 30-day readmission (32.4% vs. 11.9%, p < 0.01). In five patients with three or more prior fundoplication attempts, an esophagojejunostomy was necessary. If these patients are excluded, there was no difference for RYGB with gastrojejunostomy compared to reoperative fundoplication for complications, reoperations, or readmissions. GERD-HRQL scores were similar prior to surgery in both cohorts and improved significantly and to a similar degree on long-term follow-up.


In a complex cohort of patients with high rates of obesity and numerous failed previous fundoplication attempts, conversion to RYGB results in good symptomatic outcomes. Patients with three or more previous fundoplication attempts are more likely to require esophagojejunostomy. Complication rates in this subset of patients appear to be quite high.

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