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The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s12885-017-3239-z) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients demonstrate varied survival outcomes. Previous studies have reported that lipoproteins are associated with prognosis in various cancers; however, the role of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and low-density lipoprotein- cholesterol (LDLR) in patients with SCLC has not been studied.
In this study, the impact of LDL and LDLR on the prognosis of SCLC patients was evaluated. A total of 601 patients with SCLC were retrospectively evaluated, in which 198 patients had adequate tissues for immunohistochemistry, and serum LDL and LDLR expression levels at baseline were tested. X-tile tool, and univariate and multivariate Cox analysis were used to assess the association between LDL, LDLR and overall survival (OS).
Univariate analysis demonstrated that a lower LDL level was significantly associated with superior OS (P = 0.037). Similarly, LDLR also significantly predicted OS (P = 0.003). Multivariate Cox analyses confirmed that lower LDL and LDLR expression was independent prognostic factors associated with longer OS (P = 0.019 and P = 0.027, respectively).
This study showed that both LDL and LDLR are prognostic indexes for survival in patients with SCLC. Patients with high LDL or LDLR expression level may benefit from treatment that modulates lipoprotein combined with platinum-based chemotherapy.