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20.01.2020 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 1/2021

Journal of Religion and Health 1/2021

Structural Equation Modeling of the Spirituality and Self-efficacy Among College Students

Journal of Religion and Health > Ausgabe 1/2021
Sakineh Rakhshanderou, Ali Safari-Moradabadi, Mohtasham Ghaffari
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The present research is a descriptive analytical study which is conducted on 540 students. Multistage random sampling method was used. Data gathered by questionnaire consist of demographic factors and spirituality assessment questionnaire and self-efficacy questionnaire. Data were analyzed using statistical tests including t test, Chi-square, one-way ANOVA and correlation between variables through SPSS16 and EQS6.1 Software. Positive coefficients in regression equations showed positive relationship of spiritual capability (P < 0.001, r = 0.932) and spirituality with perceived self-efficacy (P < 0.001, r = 0.394) so that an increase in one of them will lead to increase in another one; this result is matched with research hypothesis. It is recommended to officials and managers of universities to create some mechanisms in order to improve and promote spirituality in university to promote self-efficacy of students and also to adopt a spiritual approach in curriculums of higher education.

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