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08.09.2016 | Epidemiology | Ausgabe 3/2016 Open Access

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 3/2016

Subsequent risk of ipsilateral and contralateral invasive breast cancer after treatment for ductal carcinoma in situ: incidence and the effect of radiotherapy in a population-based cohort of 10,090 women

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment > Ausgabe 3/2016
Lotte E. Elshof, Michael Schaapveld, Marjanka K. Schmidt, Emiel J. Rutgers, Flora E. van Leeuwen, Jelle Wesseling
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s10549-016-3973-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
An erratum to this article is available at http://​dx.​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10549-016-4060-0.



To assess the effect of different treatment strategies on the risk of subsequent invasive breast cancer (IBC) in women diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS).


Up to 15-year cumulative incidences of ipsilateral IBC (iIBC) and contralateral IBC (cIBC) were assessed among a population-based cohort of 10,090 women treated for DCIS in the Netherlands between 1989 and 2004. Multivariable Cox regression analyses were used to evaluate associations of treatment with iIBC risk.


Fifteen years after DCIS diagnosis, cumulative incidence of iIBC was 1.9 % after mastectomy, 8.8 % after BCS+RT, and 15.4 % after BCS alone. Patients treated with BCS alone had a higher iIBC risk than those treated with BCS+RT during the first 5 years after treatment. This difference was less pronounced for patients <50 years [hazard ratio (HR) 2.11, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.35–3.29 for women <50, and HR 4.44, 95 % CI 3.11–6.36 for women ≥50, P interaction  < 0.0001]. Beyond 5 years of follow-up, iIBC risk did not differ between patients treated with BCS+RT or BCS alone for women <50. Cumulative incidence of cIBC at 15 years was 6.4 %, compared to 3.4 % in the general population.


We report an interaction of treatment with age and follow-up period on iIBC risk, indicating that the benefit of RT seems to be smaller among younger women, and stressing the importance of clinical studies with long follow-up. Finally, the low cIBC risk does not justify contralateral prophylactic mastectomies for many women with unilateral DCIS.

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