Among the proteinuric patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who undergo a renal biopsy, we sometimes encounter those who cannot be classified as having a known primary or secondary glomerular disease. The pathogenesis and pathophysiology of these CKD patients have not been sufficiently elucidated.
We recruited 34 proteinuric patients without known glomerular diseases. The glomerular volumes (GV) of the biopsy specimens from those patients were determined by a morphometric analysis. Glomerular hypertrophy (GH) was defined as having more than 3.6 × 106 μm3. The patients were divided in two groups: those with GH (Group 1) and those without GH (Group 2). We compared the clinical and pathological parameters between Group 1 and Group 2, and among the three groups of patients: non-obese, overweight and obese group.
The patients with Group 1 had significantly higher values for the proportion of males, the body mass index (BMI), uric acid and significantly lower values for the glomerular density (GD). Of note, a multivariate regression analysis revealed that sex, the BMI and GD were significant factors correlated with the mean GV. The values for the mean GV were significantly higher in the overweight and obese groups as compared to the non-obese group, and the values for the GD were significantly lower in the obese group than in the non-obese group.
We identified a subgroup of patients who were characterized as having a high BMI and GV, and a low GD among the proteinuric CKD patients without known glomerular diseases.
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- The role of a low glomerular density and being overweight in the etiology of proteinuria in CKD patients without known glomerular diseases
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