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09.03.2018 | Retinal Disorders | Ausgabe 6/2018

Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 6/2018

Treated retinal breaks: clinical course and outcomes

Zeitschrift:
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology > Ausgabe 6/2018
Autoren:
Robert B. Garoon, William E. Smiddy, Harry W. Flynn Jr

Abstract

Purpose

To report rates and timing of retreatments, new break formation, and vitreoretinal surgical intervention after initial treatment of retinal breaks, and to identify factors associated with increased rates of additional vitreoretinal interventions.

Methods

Retrospective, consecutive case series of all patients who were diagnosed with a retinal break and underwent laser retinopexy for prophylaxis of retinal detachment at the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miami, FL, from 2013 through 2016 were reviewed. The main outcome measure was if additional laser treatment or vitreoretinal surgical procedure was performed after the initial laser retinopexy.

Results

Additional laser retinopexy was performed in 75 (18.7%) of 401 study eyes over 113 sessions: 58 (51.3%) sessions to retreat the original tear and 55 (48.7%) to treat a new tear. Vitreoretinal surgery for retinal detachment after the initial laser retinopexy was performed in 23 (5.7%) eyes. Risk factors associated with vitreoretinal surgery after initial laser treatment included superotemporal location (OR = 3.62; p = 0.008), vitreous hemorrhage (OR = 2.62; p = 0.017), and multiple breaks (OR = 2.60; p = 0.014).

Conclusions

Additional treatment is often performed after the initial treatment of a retinal break. Although progression to retinal detachment is not common, regular follow-up examinations are recommended.

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