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01.12.2018 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Ophthalmology 1/2018

Two-year topographic and densitometric outcomes of accelerated (45 mW/cm2) transepithelial corneal cross-linking for keratoconus: a case-control study

BMC Ophthalmology > Ausgabe 1/2018
Jinrong Huang, Yang Shen, Weijun Jian, Haipeng Xu, Meiyan Li, Jing Zhao, Xingtao Zhou, Hongfei Liao
Wichtige Hinweise
Jinrong Huang and Yang Shen contributed equally to this work.



Conventional corneal cross-linking is effective for retarding the progression of keratoconus. However the long-term efficacy and safety of accelerated (45 mW/cm2) transepithelial corneal cross-linking (ATE-CXL) on progressive keratoconus (KC) treatment is not fully understood. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the 2-year changes in corneal topographic parameters and densitometry values after ATE-CXL for KC.


Twenty-five progressive eyes of 25 KC patients (KC group) and 25 eyes of 25 myopes without KC (control group) were enrolled. Corneal topography and densitometry values were evaluated pre-operatively and at 6, 12 and 24 months post-operatively in the KC group.


The mean values of flat keratometry (K1), steep keratometry (K2), mean keratometry (Km), corneal astigmatism (CA), maximum keratometry (Kmax), central corneal thickness (CCT), thinnest corneal thickness (TCT), anterior corneal elevation (ACE) and posterior corneal elevation (PCE) all remained unchanged over time (all P values > 0.05). The densitometry values of the anterior, central, posterior and total layers over the annular diameters 0 mm to 2 mm (Φ0-2 mm) and Φ2–6 mm all decreased significantly (all P values < 0.05). At post-operative month 24, except for the densitometry value of the posterior layer (Φ0-2 mm), which was significantly lower than that of the control group (post hoc P = 0.010), all densitometry values obtained from the remaining locations of the KC eyes were equal to those of the control group (All post hoc P values > 0.05). Subgroups with Km ≥ 50.30D or ACE ≥35.3 μm progressed significantly when compared with those with Km < 50.30D (F = 8.167, P = 0.004) or ACE< 35.3 μm (F = 5.207, P = 0.022).


K1, K2, Km, CA, Kmax, CCT, TCT, ACE, and PCE values may remain stable but severer KC patients tend to have poorer long-term outcomes. The densitometry values of the full corneal thickness (total layer over Φ0-2 mm and Φ2–6 mm) may decrease to normal levels at 2 years after ATE-CXL for KC.
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