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08.05.2019 | Knee

Uniplane medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy relative to a biplane osteotomy can reduce the incidence of lateral-hinge fracture

Zeitschrift:
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Autoren:
Kyung Wook Nha, Myung Jin Shin, Dong Won Suh, Young Jun Nam, Ki Seong Kim, Bong Soo Kyung
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

Purpose

With surgical modifications reflecting plate design differences of the specific rigid locking plate adding a metal wedge, uniplane high tibial osteotomy (HTO) has fewer lateral-hinge fractures and fewer plate irritations than biplane HTO.

Methods

Uniplane HTO with a rigid locking plate adding a metal wedge was compared with biplane HTO with a rigid locking plate including a proximal D-hole. For comparison, the HTO patients’ medical records and radiological results in a single institution were retrospectively reviewed. The Oxford knee score 2 years post-operation, CT scan at post-operative day 2 and serial standing long-bone scanography were reviewed to evaluate clinical outcome and radiological results, including the incidence of lateral-hinge fracture, plate irritation and correction loss to varus alignment.

Results

A total of 103 knees, including 59 uniplane HTO and 44 biplane HTO, were enrolled. The Oxford scores were 38.1 ± 7.8 in the uniplane group and 35.9 ± 8.3 in the biplane group (ns). On CT scans, more lateral-hinge fractures developed in the biplane group, and seven knees (12%) of the uniplane group and 12 knees (27%) of the biplane group had Takeuchi type I stable hinge fracture (p < 0.05); unstable fracture was not noted in either group. Plate irritation occurred in nine knees (19%) of the uniplane group and in 14 knees (32%) of the biplane group, and the difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05).

Conclusion

In clinical situations including the use of surgical modifications reflecting plate design differences, fewer lateral-hinge fractures developed after uniplane medial opening-wedge HTO compared with biplane HTO. Uniplane HTO potentially represents a better option than biplane HTO for the prevention of lateral-hinge fracture.

Level of evidence

IV.

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