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07.01.2016 | Otology | Ausgabe 10/2016

European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 10/2016

Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials in patients with ankylosing spondylitis

Zeitschrift:
European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology > Ausgabe 10/2016
Autoren:
Abdulkadir Özgür, Münevver Serdaroğlu Beyazal, Suat Terzi, Zerrin Özergin Coşkun, Engin Dursun
Wichtige Hinweise
This study was presented as a oral presentation in 37 Turkish National Congress of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Congress, October 28 to November 1, 2015, Antalya,Turkey.

Abstract

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease with unknown etiology. Although sacroiliac joint involvement is the classic sign along with the formed immune mediators, it may result in immune-mediated inner ear disease and may cause damage to the audiovestibular system. Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP) is a clinical reflex test used in the diagnosis of vestibular diseases and is performed by recording and evaluating the muscle potentials resulting from the stimulation of the vestibular system with different stimuli. The aim of this study is to evaluate the cervical VEMP test results in AS patients without vestibular symptoms. Thirty-three patients with AS and a control group of 30 healthy volunteers with similar demographic characteristics were evaluated in the study. VEMP wave latency, P13-N23 wave amplitude, and VEMP asymmetry ratio (VAR) values were compared between the groups. The relationship between clinical and laboratory findings of the AS patients and VEMP data were also investigated. Compared with healthy people, this study shows the response rate of patients with ankylosing spondylitis was reduced in the VEMP test, and P13-N23 wave amplitude showed a decrease in AS patients who had VEMP response (p < 0.001). There was no correlation between the clinical and laboratory findings and VEMP findings in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. The data obtained from this study suggest that AS may lead to decreased sensitivity of the vestibular system.

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