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21.08.2018 | Original Article

Analysis of surgical treatment of Masaoka stage III-IV thymic epithelial tumors

Zeitschrift:
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Autoren:
Kazutoshi Hamanaka, Tsutomu Koyama, Shunichiro Matsuoka, Tetsu Takeda, Kentaro Miura, Kyoko Yamada, Akira Hyogotani, Tatsuichiro Seto, Kenji Okada, Ken-ichi Ito
Wichtige Hinweise
Presented at the 70th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Japanese Association for Thoracic Surgery, Panel Discussion: Strategies for treatments of advanced and recurrent thymoma, chaired by Dr. Kohei Yokoi and Dr. Meinoshin Okumura.

Abstract

Objective

The purpose of this study is to elucidate the outcomes after surgical resection of Masaoka stage III-IV thymic epithelial tumors.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed patients with Masaoka stage III-IV thymic epithelial tumor who underwent surgical resection from January 1995 to January 2017. The clinicopathological features, surgical procedures, and postoperative outcomes were investigated.

Results

Thirteen patients with thymoma and 18 patients with thymic carcinoma were assessed. The postoperative Masaoka stages were III/IVa/IVb = 8/4/1 in thymoma and III/IVa/IVb = 11/2/5 in thymic carcinoma. In patients with thymoma, the World Health Organization pathological subtypes were A/B1/B2/B3 = 2/1/4/6. We performed combined resection and reconstruction for brachiocephalic vein or superior vena cava in 3 patients with thymoma and 7 patients with thymic carcinoma. In all patients, the patency rate of the grafts was very low for the left brachiocephalic vein and well maintained for the right brachiocephalic vein. Macroscopically and pathologically complete resection was achieved in 11 and 6 patients with thymoma, respectively, and in 15 and 9 patients with thymic carcinoma, respectively. The 10-year survival rates were 85.7% in thymoma and 70.3% in thymic carcinoma. Postoperative recurrences were observed in 2 and 9 patients with thymoma and thymic carcinoma, respectively. Recurrences were observed within 5 and 10 years after surgery in 2 patients with thymoma and within 2 years in all patients with thymic carcinoma.

Conclusions

Patients with Masaoka stage III-IV thymic epithelial tumor showed relatively favorable long-term survival after surgical treatment. Therefore, aggressive surgical resection for complete resection may be a treatment option for these conditions.

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