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05.06.2018 | Original Article

Brazilian Consensus Recommendation on the Use of Polymethylmethacrylate Filler in Facial and Corporal Aesthetics

Zeitschrift:
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Autoren:
Túlio Armanini Blanco Souza, Letícia Marques Colomé, Eduardo André Bender, Gottfriede Lemperle

Abstract

Background

Considering that aesthetic benefits can be obtained with the use of permanent filling materials, this work focuses on the development of a consensus regarding the facial and corporal use of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) filler in Brazil.

Methods

A questionnaire regarding PMMA treatment, which included items on the main indication, application site, volume of product applied, criteria for selection of the material, complications, contraindications, and individual professional experience, was distributed to the Expert Group members. In addition, the responses were summarized, constituting the starting point for the debate regarding the use of PMMA-based fillers on The First Brazilian PMMA Symposium to create a guideline to be followed in PMMA facial and corporal treatments.

Results

This survey involved 87,371 cases. PMMA treatment is recommended for restorative and aesthetic purposes in facial and corporal cases, particularly for facial balance. PMMA 30% filler is recommended in specific facial sites (nose, mentum, mandible angle, zygomatic arc, and malar). PMMA filler is contraindicated in other sites (lips) regardless of concentration. With regard to facial treatment, the juxtaperiostal is the application plane most recommended. For PMMA corporal application, intramuscular is the application plane most indicated, while intradermal and justadermal planes are contraindicated. The submuscular plane application is relative to PMMA filler concentration. The experts also inquired regarding the amount of PMMA recommended in each corporal site (50 mL in the calf, 100–150 mL in the gluteal region).

Conclusion

These recommendations provide a guideline for physicians, supporting them to perform safe and efficacious treatment with PMMA fillers.

Level of Evidence V

This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.​springer.​com/​00266.

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