Phase analysis of gated myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) for assessment of left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony was investigated using the following dedicated software packages: Corridor4DM (4DM), cardioREPO (cREPO), Emory Cardiac Toolbox (ECTb), and quantitative gated SPECT (QGS). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the normal values of 95% histogram bandwidth, phase standard deviation (SD), and entropy and to compare the diagnostic performance of the four software packages. A total of 122 patients with normal myocardial perfusion and cardiac function (58.9 ± 12.3 years, 60 women, ejection fraction (EF) 74.3 ± 5.7%, and end-diastolic volume (EDV) 83.5 ± 3.6 mL) and 34 patients with suspected LV dyssynchrony (64.1 ± 12.2 years, 9 women, EF 52.0 ± 18.0%, and EDV 145.0 ± 6.8 mL) who underwent Tc-99m methoxy-isobutyl-isonitrile/tetrofosmin gated SPECT were retrospectively evaluated. Dyssynchrony indices of the 95% histogram bandwidth, phase SD, and entropy were computed with the four software programs. Diagnostic performance of LV phase dyssynchrony assessments was determined by receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analysis. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) was used to compare the software programs. The optimal cutoff point was determined by ROC curve based on the Youden index.
The average of normal bandwidth significantly differed among the four software programs except in the comparison of 4DM and ECTb. Moreover, the normal phase SD significantly differed among the four software programs except in the comparison of cREPO and ECTb. The software programs showed high correlation levels for bandwidth, phase SD, and entropy (r ≥ 0.73, p < 0.001). ROC AUCs of bandwidth, phase SD, and entropy were ≥0.850, ≥0.858, and ≥0.900, respectively. Moreover, the ROC AUCs of bandwidth, phase SD, and entropy did not significantly differ among the four software programs. Optimal cutoff points for phase parameters were 24°–42° for bandwidth, 8.6°–15.3° for phase SD, and 31–48% for entropy.
Although the optimal cutoff value for determining LV phase dyssynchrony by ROC analysis varied depending on the use of the different software programs, all software programs can be used reliably for phase dyssynchrony analysis.