To compare the results between hydroimplantation of a single-piece, acrylic foldable toric intraocular lens (IOLs) and conventional implantation using an ophthalmic viscosurgical device (OVD).
In this study, 60 eyes with cataract and preexisting regular corneal astigmatism of 1.0 to 3.0 diopters (D) underwent the implantation of the AcrySof toric IOLs (Alcon Laboratories, Inc.). The patients were randomly assigned to a conventional implantation technique with an OVD or a hydroimplantation technique. Comparison of preoperative and postoperative parameters was performed using paired Student t tests, and independent Student t test was used to compare between the two groups.
Three months postoperatively, the mean subjective astigmatism was 0.45 D ± 0.24 (SD) in the OVD group and 0.49 ± 0.29 D in the hydroimplantation group (P = 0.492). The mean endothelial cell density (ECD) loss was 7.54% ± 0.82% and 7.32% ± 0.59%, respectively (P = 0.117). The mean absolute IOL rotation was 4.77 ± 2.32 degrees and 4.70 ± 1.95 degrees, respectively (P = 0.334). The mean time for IOL implantation was 71.50 ± 8.10 s and 37.60 ± 3.90 s, respectively (P < 0.001). Two hours, 1 day, 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months postoperatively, there was no significant difference in IOP between the two groups (P > 0.05), although IOP two hours postoperatively seemed to be a little higher in the OVD group.
Compared with the use of OVDs for toric IOLs implantation, the hydroimplantation technique provided advantages of increased efficiency, reduced surgical time and cost, and no concerns of OVD-induced elevated IOP.
Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN55696872, Retrospectively registered (Date of registration: 25 March 2018).