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24.05.2019 | Clinical trial | Ausgabe 1/2019

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 1/2019

Creating a pragmatic trials program for breast cancer patients: Rethinking Clinical Trials (REaCT)

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment > Ausgabe 1/2019
Bassam Basulaiman, Arif Ali Awan, Dean Fergusson, Lisa Vandermeer, Angel Arnaout, John Hilton, Brian Hutton, Anil Abraham Joy, Andrew Robinson, Nadia Califaretti, Carol Stober, Marta Sienkiewicz, Kednapa Thavorn, Mark Clemons
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The proportion of breast cancer patients enrolled in clinical trials is falling. The Rethinking Clinical Trials (REaCT) program was developed to challenge some of the contemporary barriers responsible for this fall in accrual. In this article, we review the successes and challenges our program has faced.


The REaCT program was created to improve care and outcomes for cancer patients through surveys of patients and healthcare providers, systematic reviews, economic evaluations, and the performance of pragmatic randomized trials with patient-centered outcomes. Likely, the greatest difference to conventional trial methodologies has been our widespread use of the integrated consent model (ICM) incorporating oral consent.


Between 2014 and 2018, the program has recruited over 2000 patients to 15 randomized studies at 11 Canadian cancer centers. The REaCT program has completed and published five patient surveys, six healthcare provider surveys, ten systematic reviews, performed four economic evaluations, opened 15 clinical trials comparing standard of care interventions (two surgical, two adjuvant chemotherapy, five adjuvant supportive care, one radiology, two vascular devices, two palliative supportive care, and one molecular diagnostics). Patient surveys have shown high levels of satisfaction with the ICM.


The REaCT program was developed to tackle important practice questions that will better guide optimal practice and to increase the availability of pragmatic clinical trials. While many challenges remain, future strategies will involve including more study sites and efforts to integrate novel information technology strategies.

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