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01.03.2018 | Food Allergy (T Green, Section Editor) | Ausgabe 3/2018

Current Allergy and Asthma Reports 3/2018

Current Status of Potential Therapies for IgE-Mediated Food Allergy

Zeitschrift:
Current Allergy and Asthma Reports > Ausgabe 3/2018
Autoren:
Christopher P. Parrish, Daniel Har, J. Andrew Bird
Wichtige Hinweise
This article is part of the Topical Collection on Food Allergy

Abstract

Purpose of Review

The goal of this review is to provide the reader with an updated summary of published trial data regarding the use of oral immunotherapy (OIT), sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT), and epicutaneous immunotherapy (EPIT) for treatment of IgE-mediated food allergies.

Recent Findings

Data from phase 2 trials for treatment of peanut allergy with OIT and EPIT reveal an increase in the threshold of reactivity for peanut-allergic children. Compared to EPIT, OIT promotes a greater increase in the threshold of reactivity; however, adverse events are more common with OIT.

Summary

OIT, EPIT, and SLIT appear to modulate the immune response for some food-allergic individuals. Data regarding utility for treatment of food allergies regardless of modality is limited to few foods, as is investigation into treatment of food-allergic infants, young children, and adults. Future trials are likely to focus on young children, food allergies other than peanut, and treatment of multifood-allergic individuals.

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