Skip to main content
main-content

12.08.2016 | Original Article | Ausgabe 12/2016

Pediatric Radiology 12/2016

Dual-energy compared to single-energy CT in pediatric imaging: a phantom study for DECT clinical guidance

Zeitschrift:
Pediatric Radiology > Ausgabe 12/2016
Autoren:
Xiaowei Zhu, William P. McCullough, Patricia Mecca, Sabah Servaes, Kassa Darge

Abstract

Background

Dual-energy CT technology is available on scanners from several vendors and offers significant advantages over classic single-energy CT technology in multiple clinical applications. Many studies have detailed dual-energy CT applications in adults and several have evaluated the relative radiation dose performance of dual-energy CT in adult imaging. However, little has been published on dual-energy CT imaging in the pediatric population, and the relative dose performance of dual-energy CT imaging in the pediatric population is not well described.

Objective

When evaluating dual-energy CT technology for implementation into a routine clinical pediatric imaging practice, the radiation dose implications must be considered, and when comparing relative CT dose performance, image quality must also be evaluated. Therefore the purpose of this study is to develop dual-energy CT scan protocols based on our optimized single-energy scan protocols and compare the dose.

Materials and methods

We scanned the head, chest and abdomen regions of pediatric-size anthropomorphic phantoms with contrast inserts, using our optimized single-energy clinical imaging protocols on a Siemens Flash® CT scanner. We then scanned the phantoms in dual-energy mode using matching image-quality reference settings. The effective CT dose index volume (CTDIvol) of the scans was used as a surrogate for relative dose in comparing the single- and dual-energy scans. Additionally, we evaluated image quality using visual assessment and contrast-to-noise ratio.

Results

Dual-energy CT scans of the head and abdomen were dose-neutral for all three phantoms. Dual-energy CT scans of the chest showed a relative dose increase over the single-energy scan for 1- and 5-year-old child-based age-equivalent phantoms, ranging 11–20%. Quantitative analysis of image quality showed no statistically significant difference in image quality between the single-energy and dual-energy scans. There was no clinically significant difference in image quality by visual assessment.

Conclusion

Dual-energy CT is dose-neutral in imaging the head and abdomen in children. It is not dose-neutral in chest imaging of very small children. With a better understanding of the dose consequences of converting single-energy protocols to dual-energy protocols we can begin to implement clinical dual-energy CT and utilize its unique capabilities in pediatric imaging.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Premium-Inhalten der Fachzeitschriften, inklusive eines Print-Abos.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 12/2016

Pediatric Radiology 12/2016Zur Ausgabe

Hermes

Hermes

  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Radiologie

Meistgelesene Bücher aus der Radiologie

2016 | Buch

Medizinische Fremdkörper in der Bildgebung

Thorax, Abdomen, Gefäße und Kinder

Dieses einzigartige Buch enthält ca. 1.600 hochwertige radiologische Abbildungen und Fotos iatrogen eingebrachter Fremdmaterialien im Röntgenbild und CT.

Herausgeber:
Dr. med. Daniela Kildal

2011 | Buch

Atlas Klinische Neuroradiologie des Gehirns

Radiologie lebt von Bildern! Der vorliegende Atlas trägt dieser Tatsache Rechnung. Sie finden zu jedem Krankheitsbild des Gehirns Referenzbilder zum Abgleichen mit eigenen Befunden.

Autoren:
Priv.-Doz. Dr. med. Jennifer Linn, Prof. Dr. med. Martin Wiesmann, Prof. Dr. med. Hartmut Brückmann

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Radiologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise