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16.07.2021 | Original Paper

Feasibility and effectiveness of a multidimensional post-discharge disease management programme for heart failure patients in clinical practice: the HerzMobil Tirol programme

Zeitschrift:
Clinical Research in Cardiology
Autoren:
G. Poelzl, T. Egelseer-Bruendl, B. Pfeifer, R. Modre-Osprian, S. Welte, B. Fetz, S. Krestan, B. Haselwanter, M. M. Zaruba, J. Doerler, C. Rissbacher, E. Ammenwerth, A. Bauer
Wichtige Hinweise

Supplementary Information

The online version contains supplementary material available at https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00392-021-01912-0.
G. Poelzl and T. Egelseer-Bruendl contributed equally to this manuscript.

Abstract

Aims

It remains unclear whether transitional care management outside of a clinical trial setting provides benefits for patients with acute heart failure (AHF) after hospitalization. We evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of a multidimensional post-discharge disease management programme using a telemedical monitoring system incorporated in a comprehensive network of heart failure nurses, resident physicians, and secondary and tertiary referral centres (HerzMobil Tirol, HMT),

Methods and results

The non-randomized study included 508 AHF patients that were managed in HMT (n = 251) or contemporaneously in usual care (UC, n = 257) after discharge from hospital from 2016 to 2019. Groups were retrospectively matched for age and sex. The primary endpoint was time to HF readmission and all-cause mortality within 6 months. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard models were used to assess the effectiveness. The primary endpoint occurred in 48 patients (19.1%) in HMT and 89 (34.6%) in UC. Compared with UC, management by HMT was associated with a 46%-reduction in the primary endpoint (adjusted HR 0.54; 95% CI 0.37–0.77; P < 0.001). Subgroup analyses revealed consistent effectiveness. The composite of recurrent HF hospitalization and death within 6 months per 100 patient-years was 64.2 in HMT and 108.2 in UC (adjusted HR 0.41; 95% CI 0.29–0.55; P < 0.001 with death considered as a competing risk). After 1 year, 25 (10%) patients died in HMT compared with 66 (25.7%) in UC (HR 0.38; 95% CI 0.23–0.61, P < 0.001).

Conclusions

A multidimensional post-discharge disease management programme, comprising a telemedical monitoring system incorporated in a comprehensive network of specialized heart failure nurses and resident physicians, is feasible and effective in clinical practice.

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