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11.10.2019 | Otology

Food-induced stimulation of the antisecretory factor to improve symptoms in Meniere’s disease: our results

Zeitschrift:
European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Autoren:
Alfonso Scarpa, Massimo Ralli, Pasquale Viola, Claudia Cassandro, Matteo Alicandri-Ciufelli, Maurizio Iengo, Giuseppe Chiarella, Marco de Vincentiis, Michele Cavaliere, Ettore Cassandro
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Abstract

Purpose

Specially processed cereals (SPC) that increase endogenous antisecretory factor (AF) synthesis have been proposed to improve symptoms of Meniere’s disease (MD) with controversial results. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of SPC in patients with definite unilateral MD and compare the results to a treatment protocol with intravenous glycerol and dexamethasone.

Methods

Thirteen patients with unilateral MD were treated with SPC and 13 patients were treated with intravenous glycerol and dexamethasone for 12 months. Audio-vestibular evaluation was performed before (T0) and at the end of the treatments (T12). The number of vertigo spells were evaluated before and after therapy and the Efficacy Index (EI) was calculated. Questionnaires for hearing loss (HHIA), tinnitus (THI) and quality of life (TFL) were administered.

Results

EI decreased in the SPC group in the second semester compared to the first although not significantly (p = 0.6323). There was a significant reduction for THI score in the SPC group at T12 (p = 0.0325). No significant differences were found between the two groups at T0 (p = 0.4723), while a significant difference was found at T12 (p = 0.0041). Quality of life showed an improvement in daily activities in the SPC group compared to infusion therapy group.

Conclusion

Our study shows a reduced number of vertigo attacks and a positive effect on the discomfort generated by tinnitus and quality of life in patients with unilateral MD treated with SPC and when compared to patients treated with intravenous glycerol and dexamethasone. No effects on hearing thresholds were noted in both groups.

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