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Erschienen in: European Journal of Nutrition 8/2016

29.09.2015 | Original Contribution

Food intake and inflammation in European children: the IDEFICS study

verfasst von: Esther M. González-Gil, Javier Santabárbara, Paola Russo, Wolfgang Ahrens, Mandy Claessens, Lauren Lissner, Claudia Börnhorst, Vittorio Krogh, Licia Iacoviello, Denes Molnar, Alfonso Siani, Michael Tornaritis, Toomas Veidebaum, Luis A. Moreno

Erschienen in: European Journal of Nutrition | Ausgabe 8/2016

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Abstract

Purpose

This cross-sectional study assesses the relationship between consumption frequencies of food items and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in European children.

Methods

Out of the baseline sample (N = 16.228) of the IDEFICS study, 6.403 children (1.315 boys aged 2 to <6, 1.908 boys aged 6 to <10, 1.204 girls aged 2 to <6 and 1.976 girls aged 6 to <10 years) had hs-CRP measured and the Children’s Eating Habits Questionnaire filled, including a food frequency questionnaire. Logistic regression adjusted for body mass index z-score, education of the mother, breast-feeding and self-reported hours of physical activity in a sport club per week was conducted.

Results

Mean frequency intake of raw vegetable was lower in boys (p = 0.022 in young and p = 0.020 in old) and older girls (p = 0.026) with high hs-CRP concentration, while in younger girls (p = 0.008) the same occurred with the cooked vegetables. The probability of having higher hs-CRP concentration was significantly associated with having low consumption frequency of vegetables (p = 0.004 in older boys, raw vegetables; and p = 0.0032 in younger girls, cooked vegetables). Also, honey/jam intake decreased the probability of having higher concentration of hs-CRP, whereas soft drinks with sugar, mayonnaise and cereals milled increased this probability.

Conclusions

Out of all food items associated with hs-CRP, frequency intake of vegetables presented more associations across all the analysis. Findings suggest that a high-frequency intake of vegetables is inversely related to an inflammatory status in children. More studies are needed to assess the association between diet and inflammation.
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Metadaten
Titel
Food intake and inflammation in European children: the IDEFICS study
verfasst von
Esther M. González-Gil
Javier Santabárbara
Paola Russo
Wolfgang Ahrens
Mandy Claessens
Lauren Lissner
Claudia Börnhorst
Vittorio Krogh
Licia Iacoviello
Denes Molnar
Alfonso Siani
Michael Tornaritis
Toomas Veidebaum
Luis A. Moreno
Publikationsdatum
29.09.2015
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Erschienen in
European Journal of Nutrition / Ausgabe 8/2016
Print ISSN: 1436-6207
Elektronische ISSN: 1436-6215
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-015-1054-3

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