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01.02.2013 | ORIGINAL ARTICLE | Ausgabe 1/2013 Open Access

Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy 1/2013

Grape Resveratrol Increases Serum Adiponectin and Downregulates Inflammatory Genes in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells: A Triple-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, One-Year Clinical Trial in Patients with Stable Coronary Artery Disease

Zeitschrift:
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy > Ausgabe 1/2013
Autoren:
João Tomé-Carneiro, Manuel Gonzálvez, Mar Larrosa, María J. Yáñez-Gascón, Francisco J. García-Almagro, José A. Ruiz-Ros, Francisco A. Tomás-Barberán, María T. García-Conesa, Juan Carlos Espín
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s10557-012-6427-8) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Purpose

The grape and wine polyphenol resveratrol exerts cardiovascular benefits but evidence from randomized human clinical trials is very limited. We investigated dose-depending effects of a resveratrol-containing grape supplement on stable patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) treated according to currently accepted guidelines for secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease.

Methods

In a triple-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, one-year follow-up, 3-arm pilot clinical trial, 75 stable-CAD patients received 350 mg/day of placebo, resveratrol-containing grape extract (grape phenolics plus 8 mg resveratrol) or conventional grape extract lacking resveratrol during 6 months, and a double dose for the following 6 months. Changes in circulating inflammatory and fibrinolytic biomarkers were analyzed. Moreover, the transcriptional profiling of inflammatory genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) was explored using microarrays and functional gene expression analysis.

Results

After 1 year, in contrast to the placebo and conventional grape extract groups, the resveratrol-containing grape extract group showed an increase of the anti-inflammatory serum adiponectin (9.6 %, p = 0.01) and a decrease of the thrombogenic plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) (−18.6 %, p = 0.05). In addition, 6 key inflammation-related transcription factors were predicted to be significantly activated or inhibited, with 27 extracellular-space acting genes involved in inflammation, cell migration and T-cell interaction signals presenting downregulation (p < 0.05) in PBMCs. No adverse effects were detected in relation to the study products.

Conclusions

Chronic daily consumption of a resveratrol-containing grape nutraceutical could exert cardiovascular benefits in stable-CAD patients treated according to current evidence-based standards, by increasing serum adiponectin, preventing PAI-1 increase and inhibiting atherothrombotic signals in PBMCs.

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Zusatzmaterial
ESM 1 (PDF 128 kb)
10557_2012_6427_MOESM1_ESM.pdf
Literatur
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