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21.08.2018 | Original Article

Magnetic Anastomosis Rings to Create Portacaval Shunt in a Canine Model of Portal Hypertension

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Autoren:
Hao-Hua Wang, Jia Ma, Shan-Pei Wang, Feng Ma, Jian-Wen Lu, Xiang-Hua Xu, Yi Lv, Xiao-Peng Yan
Wichtige Hinweise
Hao-Hua Wang and Jia Ma contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Purpose

This study evaluated a novel magnetic compression technique (magnamosis) for creating a portacaval shunt in a canine model of portal hypertension, relative to traditional manual suture.

Methods

Portal hypertension was induced in 18 dogs by partial ligation of the portal vein (baseline). Six weeks later, extrahepatic portacaval shunt implantation was performed with either magnetic anastomosis rings, or traditional manual suture (n = 9, each). The two groups were compared for operative time, portal vein pressure, and serum biochemical indices. Twenty-four weeks post-implantation, the established anastomoses were evaluated by color Doppler imaging, venography, and gross and microscopic histological examinations.

Results

Anastomotic leakage did not occur in either group. The operative time to complete the anastomosis for magnamosis (4.12 ± 1.04 min) was significantly less than that needed for manual suture (24.47 ± 4.89 min, P < 0.01). The portal vein pressure in the magnamosis group was more stable than that in the manual suture group. The blood ammonia level at the end of the 24-week post-implantation observation period was significantly lower in the magnamosis group than in the manual suture group. Gross and microscopic histological examinations revealed that better smoothness and continuity of the vascular intima had been achieved via magnamosis than with manual suture.

Conclusion

Magnamosis was superior to manual suture for the creation of a portacaval shunt in this canine model of portal hypertension.

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