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24.01.2018 | Knee | Ausgabe 11/2018

Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 11/2018

Native rotational knee kinematics are lost in bicruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty when the tibial component is replaced

Zeitschrift:
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy > Ausgabe 11/2018
Autoren:
Daisuke Hamada, Keizo Wada, Tomoya Takasago, Tomohiro Goto, Akihiro Nitta, Kosaku Higashino, Yoshihiro Fukui, Koichi Sairyo

Abstract

Purpose

To compare the kinematics between native knees and knees that have undergone bicruciate-retaining (BCR) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with cruciate-retaining (CR) TKA converted from BCR TKA in the same whole-body cadaveric specimen using a navigation system and, if differences exist, to investigate the point at which normal kinematics are lost during the procedure.

Methods

The rotational kinematics throughout passive flexion of the native knee and of knees after meniscectomy, femoral replacement, BCR TKA, or CR TKA were assessed in nine fresh frozen cadavers using an image-free navigation system.

Results

The rotational kinematic pattern of a knee after BCR TKA was different from that of a native knee, especially in the early flexion phase, and was similar to that after CR TKA. Screw-home movement was not observed after BCR TKA, but still occurred after meniscectomy or femoral replacement with intact cruciate ligaments and an intact tibial articular surface.

Conclusion

The rotational kinematics of the native knee are not always preserved after BCR TKA. Native rotational kinematics are preserved after meniscectomy and femoral replacement, but are lost after tibial replacement in BCR TKA. Surgeons should pay close attention to maintain the anteroposterior stabilizing function of the ACL in BCR TKA, rather than to restore the native rotational kinematics.

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