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Erschienen in: Annals of Behavioral Medicine 5/2016

04.03.2016 | Original Article

Predictors of Changes in Medication Adherence in Blacks with Hypertension: Moving Beyond Cross-Sectional Data

verfasst von: EdD Antoinette M. Schoenthaler, PhD Mark Butler, PhD William Chaplin, PhD Jonathan Tobin, MD Gbenga Ogedegbe

Erschienen in: Annals of Behavioral Medicine | Ausgabe 5/2016

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Abstract

Background

Many studies have examined the multiple correlates of non-adherence in Blacks. However, they are largely cross-sectional; thus, these studies are unable to examine their predictive value on long-term medication adherence.

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine the predictive role of key psychosocial and interpersonal factors on changes in medication adherence over a 1-year period.

Methods

Data were collected from 815 Black patients with hypertension followed in community health centers. Hypothesized predictor variables included self-efficacy, depressive symptoms, social support, and patient-provider communication measured at baseline, 6, and 12 months. The dependent variable, medication adherence was assessed at baseline, 6, and 12 months. Latent Growth Modeling was used to evaluate the pathways between the latent predictor variables and medication adherence.

Results

Participants were mostly female, low-income, with high school education or less, and mean age of 57 years. At baseline, high self-efficacy was associated with low depressive symptoms (β = −0.22, p = 0.05), collaborative patient-provider communication (β = 0.17, p = 0.006), and better medication adherence (β = 1.04, p < 0.001). More social support and collaborative patient-provider communication were associated with low depressive symptoms (β = −0.08, p = 0.02; β = −0.18, p = 0.01). More social support was positively associated with collaborative patient-provider communication (β = 0.32, p < 0.001). In the longitudinal model, increasing self-efficacy over time predicted improvements in medication adherence 1 year later (β = 1.76, p < 0.001; CFI = 0.95; RMSEA = 0.04; SRMR = 0.04; Chi-Squared Index of Model Fit = 1128.54).

Conclusions

Self-efficacy is a key predictor of medication adherence over time in Black patients with hypertension. Initial levels of self-efficacy are influenced by the presence of depressive symptoms as well as the perceived quality of patient-provider communication.
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Metadaten
Titel
Predictors of Changes in Medication Adherence in Blacks with Hypertension: Moving Beyond Cross-Sectional Data
verfasst von
EdD Antoinette M. Schoenthaler
PhD Mark Butler
PhD William Chaplin
PhD Jonathan Tobin
MD Gbenga Ogedegbe
Publikationsdatum
04.03.2016
Verlag
Springer US
Erschienen in
Annals of Behavioral Medicine / Ausgabe 5/2016
Print ISSN: 0883-6612
Elektronische ISSN: 1532-4796
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-016-9791-y