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11.10.2016 | Original Article | Ausgabe 12/2016

Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 12/2016

Preoperative High Dose of Methylprednisolone Improves Early Postoperative Pulmonary Function, in Super-Obese Patients Undergoing Open Surgery; a Prospective, Comparative Study

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery > Ausgabe 12/2016
Autoren:
George Skroubis, George Theofanis, Charalampos Spyropoulos, Anastasia Zotou, Petros Constantinopoulos, Fotis Kalfarentzos, Theodore Alexandrides

Abstract

Background

Surgery stimulates an intense systemic inflammatory response which might increase postoperative morbidity. Corticosteroids may reduce this inflammatory reaction. The purpose of this study was to investigate any possible effect on postoperative morbidity and recovery after administrating methylprednisolone in super-obese patients undergoing open surgery.

Methods

Sixty super-obese patients with BMI ≥50 kg/m2 (mean 57.48 ± 7.33), mean age of 39 ± 9 years, who underwent an open bariatric procedure, were enrolled. Thirty patients (group A) were allocated to a preoperative single dose of 30 mg/kg (ideal body weight) methylprednisolone versus placebo (group B, 30 patients). Endpoints included assessment of IL-6 and CRP; evaluation of postoperative pulmonary function, pain management, nausea, and vomiting; and documentation of postoperative complications.

Results

Significant improvement in spirometry parameters and arterial blood gas analysis, in the first and third postoperative days, was observed in the methylprednisolone group. IL-6 and CRP levels were significantly lower in that group. Administration of methylprednisolone was associated with less postoperative pain, nausea, and vomiting, with no statistical difference in septic complications.

Conclusions

Preoperative administration of a single high dose of methylprednisolone in super-obese patients undergoing open surgery inhibits the inflammatory signaling cascade, lessens the systemic inflammatory response, and results in fewer pulmonary complications and better patient recovery.

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