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Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders

Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders OnlineFirst articles


Clinical aspects of SARS-CoV-2 infection and vitamin D

COVID-19 and the endocrine system: special issue for reviews in endocrine and metabolic disorders (Felipe Casaneuva, Editor in Chief) A. Giustina and JP Bilezikian, Guest Editors

In December 2019, the first cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome due to a new coronavirus (SARS-Cov-2), later designated as Covid-19, were described in China. With rapid advance of the infection to several continents, in March 2020, WHO …

20.09.2021 Open Access

The TWEAK/Fn14/CD163 axis—implications for metabolic disease

TWEAK (tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis) is a member of the TNF superfamily that controls a multitude of cellular events including proliferation, migration, differentiation, apoptosis, angiogenesis, and inflammation. TWEAK …


The role of transforming growth factor beta in thyroid autoimmunity: current knowledge and future perspectives

The complex mechanisms, which are related to the pathophysiology and the development of autoimmune thyroid diseases, involve transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) and its interplay with the immune system. The aim of this review is to examine the …

14.09.2021 Open Access

Leptin as a key regulator of the adipose organ

Leptin is a hormone primarily produced by the adipose tissue in proportion to the size of fat stores, with a primary function in the control of lipid reserves. Besides adipose tissue, leptin is also produced by other tissues, such as the stomach …


The emerging role of transcription factor FOXP3 in thyroid cancer

Transcription factor FOXP3 is a crucial regulator in the development and function of regulatory T cells (Treg) that are essential for immunological tolerance and homeostasis. Numerous studies have indicated the correlation of tumor infiltrating …

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