No conflict of interest has been declared by the authors. This study is conducted within the Hands4U study, which was granted by the Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development (ZONMW).
All authors contributed to the writing of this paper. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. AMB is the principle researcher. EWCM collected the data. Together with EWCM and CRLB, AMB was responsible for the coding of the interviews and the categorization in themes. EWCM, JWJ, JRA, and CRLB supervised the study.
Role models often play a role when implementing guidelines in healthcare. However, little is known about how role models perform their respective roles, or about which factors may hamper or enhance their functioning. The aim of the present study was therefore to investigate how role models perform there role as a part of a multifaceted implementation strategy on the prevention of hand eczema, and to identify barriers and facilitators for the performing of their role.
The role models were selected to become a role model and received a role model training. All role models worked at a hospital. In total, 19 role models, were interviewed. A topic list was used focussing on how the role models performed their role and what they experienced to be facilitators and barriers for their role. After coding the interviews, the codes were divided into themes.
This study shows that the main tasks perceived by the role models were to raise awareness, to transfer information, to interact with colleagues about hand eczema, to provide material, and to perform coordinating tasks. Barriers and facilitators were whether the role suited the participant, affinity with the topic, and risk perception.
Most role models performed only the tasks they learned during their training. They mentioned a wide range of barriers and facilitators for the performing of their role. To enhance the functioning of the role models, a suggestion would be to select role models by taking into account prior coaching experience.
Trial registration number: NTR2812
Boaz A, Baeza J, Fraser A. Effective implementation of research into practice: an overview of systematic reviews of the health literature. BMC Res Notes. 2013;4(212):1–8.
Karimi S, Biemans HJA, Lans T, Chizari M, Mulder M, Naderi Mahdei K. Understanding role models and gender influences on entrepreneurial intentions among college students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2013;93:204–14. CrossRef
Ajzen I. Attitudes, personality and behavior. Open University Press: Chicago, IL, USA; 1988.
Erasmus V, Brouwer W, van Beeck EF, Oenema A, Daha TJ, Richardus JH, et al. A qualitative exploration of reasons for poor hand hygiene among hospital workers: lack of positive role models and of convincing evidence that hand hygiene prevents cross-infection. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2009;30:415–9. CrossRefPubMed
van der Meer EWC, Boot CRL, Jungbauer FHW, van der Klink JJ, Rustemeyer T, Coenraads PJ et al. Hands4U: A multifaceted strategy to implement guideline-based recommendations to prevent hand eczema in health care workers: design of a randomised controlled trial and (cost) effectiveness evaluation. BMC Public Health 2011; 11(669) doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-669
Jungbauer FHW, Piebenga WP, ten Berge EE, Hoogland RW, Posma AL, Randolfi MFC, et al. NVAB-richtlijn: Preventie Contacteczeem [NVAB-guideline: Prevention of Contact Dermatitis]. Utrecht: Kwaliteitsbureau NVAB; 2006.
Glaser BG, Strauss AL. The discovery of grounded theory: strategies for qualitative research. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company; 1967.
Stutz N, Becker D, Jappe U, John SM, Ladwig A, Spornraft-Ragaller P, et al. Nurses’ perceptions of the benefits and adverse effects of hand disinfection: alcohol-based hand rubs vs. hygienic handwashing: a multicentre questionnaire study with additional patch testing by the German Contact Dermatitis Research Group. Br J Dermatol. 2008;160:565–72. CrossRefPubMed
- Role models in a preventive program for hand eczema among healthcare workers: a qualitative exploration of their main tasks and associated barriers and facilitators
Anne M Bruinewoud
Esther WC van der Meer
Joost WJ van der Gulden
Johannes R Anema
Cécile RL Boot
- BioMed Central
Neu im Fachgebiet Dermatologie
Meistgelesene Bücher aus dem Fachgebiet
Mail Icon II