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30.06.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 9/2017

Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 9/2017

The Pitfalls of Left Trisectionectomy or Central Bisectionectomy for Biliary Cancer: Anatomical Classification Based on the Ventral Branches of Segment VI Portal Vein Relative to the Right Hepatic Vein

Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery > Ausgabe 9/2017
Yusuke Yamamoto, Teiichi Sugiura, Yukiyasu Okamura, Takaaki Ito, Ryo Ashida, Takeshi Aramaki, Katsuhiko Uesaka
Wichtige Hinweise
The authors have no direct or indirect commercial and financial incentives associated with publishing the article.



Some patients have P6a running on the ventral side (Ventral-P6a), relative to the right hepatic vein (RHV).

Study Design

Forty-one patients who underwent left trisectionectomy or central bisectionectomy for biliary cancer were enrolled. We compared the anatomical features using 3D images and surgical outcomes between patients with Ventral-P6a (n = 17) and those with P6a running on the dorsal side relative to the RHV (Dorsal-P6a; n = 25). Moreover, the liver volume by hand-tracing 2D axial images was compared to the volume calculated using the 3D images.


The frequency of complete exposure of RHV on the transection plane was less in Ventral-P6a (12 vs. 76%; p < 0.001), and the frequency of supraportal type of right posterior hepatic artery (RPHA, 29 vs. 4%, p = 0.020), the presence of inferior RHV (47 vs. 12%, p = 0.011), and the angle between the transection plane of segment VI and VII (S6–S7angle, 29.0° vs. 4.9°; p < 0.001) were greater in Ventral-P6a than in Dorsal-P6a. In Dorsal-P6a, the volume of posterior section calculated using 2D images was greater than that calculated using 3D images (404 vs. 370 mL; p = 0.004). The incidence of daily diuretic administration in Dorsal-P6a was greater than in Ventral-P6a (88 vs. 54%, p = 0.035).

Conclusion and Relevance

In Ventral-P6a, the complete exposure of RHV was rare in left trisectionectomy or central bisectionectomy. Surgeons should preoperatively recognize the course of RPHA, the presence of inferior RHV, and the S6–S7angle. In Dorsal-P6a, the volume of posterior section, which tended to be overestimated using 2D images, was smaller than that in Ventral-P6a.

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