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01.12.2019 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2019 Open Access

BMC Surgery 1/2019

Treatment of L5 - S1 intervertebral disc herniation with posterior percutaneous full-endoscopic discectomy by grafting tubes at various positions via an interlaminar approach

Zeitschrift:
BMC Surgery > Ausgabe 1/2019
Autoren:
Weijun Kong, Taiyong Chen, Sheng Ye, Fujun Wu, Yueming Song
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

Background

Depending on the location of the herniated disc at the shoulder, axilla, or ventral side of the compression nerve root, various puncture sites and channel entrances were selected so that the goal of targeted removal of the herniated disc could be achieved by a full-endoscopic technique. Achieving good clinical therapeutic efficacy through the natural gap of bones can maximally avoid related access complications, and the necessary techniques and relevant anatomical factors were analyzed.

Methods

Between August 2012 and August 2014, 98 patients with L5 - S1 intervertebral disc herniation were treated with posterior percutaneous full-endoscopic discectomy (PPFED) by grafting tubes at various positions via the interlaminar approach. The visual analog scale (VAS) and the Oswestry disability index (ODI) were used to assess the patients’ back and leg pain and the improvements in daily function, and the modified Macnab standard was used to evaluate the treatment efficacy.

Results

All 98 patients successfully completed the surgery, 84 patients got out of bed and walked on the first postoperative day, and 14 patients got out of bed and walked on the second postoperative day. The preoperative ODI (56.032 ± 3.625) was significantly higher than the ODI score (8.147 ± 1.398) (F = 5343.054, P ≤ 0.001) 48 months after surgery. The preoperative VAS score (7.193 ± 0.875) was significantly higher than the postoperative VAS score (0.914 ± 0.500 points) (F = 1656.173, P ≤ 0.001). The differences in ODI and VAS scores before and after surgery were statistically significant (P < 0.05). Follow-up was conducted 1, 6, 12 and 48 months postoperatively, and the modified Macnab standard was used during the last follow-up to evaluate the efficacy: 67 cases were excellent, 20 cases were good, 7 cases were fair, and 0 cases were poor; the proportion of excellent and good cases was 92.6%.

Conclusions

The treatment of L5 - S1 intervertebral disc herniation with PPFED by grafting tubes at various positions via an interlaminar approach is a safe, effective, and minimally invasive surgical method. Reaching the location of a disc herniation directly through the natural gap in the bones can maximally avoid collateral injury from spine surgery.

Trial registration

The registration number of this clinical study is ChiCTR1800014588; it has been retrospectively registered with a registration date of 05/01/2018.
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