Skip to main content
main-content

25.05.2019 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 12/2019

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 12/2019

Trends in psychiatric disorders prevalence and prescription patterns of children in Alberta, Canada

Zeitschrift:
Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology > Ausgabe 12/2019
Autoren:
Brenda M Y Leung, Peter Kellett, Erik Youngson, Josh Hathaway, Maria Santana
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00127-019-01714-w) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Purpose

To describe the trends in the prevalence and incidence of children with psychiatric disorders, the types of medication prescribed, and the type of physician providing the prescriptions.

Method

This retrospective study linked six population-based administrative databases (2008–2015) in Alberta, Canada.

Results

The prevalence of paediatric psychiatric disorders increased from 12.6 per 100 population in 2008 to 15.0 per 100 population in 2015, while the incidence rate increased from 2.0 per 100 population to 2.2 per 100 population in the same period. The proportion of patients dispensed any psychiatric medication increased from 21.4% in 2008 to 28.2% in 2015. Over the same period, dispensations for antidepressants increased from 7.0% to 11.2% and stimulants to treat ADHD, from 11.9% to 15.9%. For antidepressants, general practitioners (GPs) wrote the highest proportion of prescriptions (44.3% in 2011–48.1% in 2015), while paediatricians wrote the lowest proportion (8.7% in 2011–11.0% in 2015) and the proportion by psychiatrists decreased from 33.4% in 2011 to 27.2% in 2015. For stimulants to treat ADHD, paediatricians were the most frequent prescribers (36.9% in 2011–39.3% in 2015) followed by GPs as the second most frequent (33.1% in 2011–33.5% in 2015), while psychiatrists were the least likely to prescribe stimulants for ADHD.

Conclusion

The increasing trend of psychiatric diagnoses and medication prescriptions in the paediatric population is evident using population-based administrative databases. The lack of safety and adverse consequences of medication use in this cohort warrants additional monitoring data.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Jetzt e.Med zum Sonderpreis bestellen!

Sichern Sie sich jetzt Ihr e.Med-Abo und sparen Sie 50 %!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Zusatzmaterial
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 12/2019

Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 12/2019 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Neurologie & Psychiatrie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Sie können e.Med Psychiatrie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.