Skip to main content
main-content

01.04.2014 | Original Article | Ausgabe 4/2014

International Urogynecology Journal 4/2014

Utility of dipstick urinalysis in peri- and postmenopausal women with irritative bladder symptoms

Zeitschrift:
International Urogynecology Journal > Ausgabe 4/2014
Autoren:
Lindsay C. Turner, Richard Beigi, Jonathan P. Shepherd, Jerry L. Lowder

Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis

Previous studies of dipstick urinalysis (UA) in asymptomatic peri- and postmenopausal women demonstrate poor sensitivity to detect a urinary tract infection (UTI). We hypothesized that sensitivity of this test would be improved in symptomatic peri- and postmenopausal women.

Methods

This was a cross-sectional study of 76 women seeking urogynecology care for irritative bladder symptoms. Subjects with a positive clean-catch (CC) dipstick UA for leukocyte esterase (LE) or nitrites (NIT) were offered enrollment. Dipstick UA was performed on CC and catheterized specimens, followed by microbiologic culture. Test characteristics were calculated for CC and catheterized UA. CC culture was compared with catheterized culture (gold standard) using Spearman’s correlation coefficient.

Results

Data was available for analysis in 75/76 (98.7 %) enrolled subjects. Mean age was 68 ± 11 years. Most subjects were postmenopausal (98.7 %) and Caucasian (97.3 %). Dipstick sensitivity ranged from 48 % to 87 % and 35 % to 57 % in CC and catheterized specimens, respectively. Dipstick UA from a CC specimen positive for NIT had the highest sensitivity (60.9), specificity (100), negative predictive value (85.2), and positive predictive value (100) in this population. Dipstick UA from CC and catheterized specimens had similar sensitivity for detecting UTIs. When culture results of 103 colony-forming units were considered positive, CC and catheterized specimens were moderately correlated (ρ = 0.470).

Conclusions

Dipstick UA in this study had improved sensitivity compared with previously published results in both CC and catheterized samples. Initiation of empiric antibiotic treatment in women with irritative bladder symptoms and NIT-positive CC dipstick UA prior to obtaining urine culture results is a reasonable option.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Für Ihren Erfolg in Klinik und Praxis - Die beste Hilfe in Ihrem Arbeitsalltag als Mediziner

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 4/2014

International Urogynecology Journal 4/2014 Zur Ausgabe

EditorialNotes

Urogynecology digest

  1. Sie können e.Med Gynäkologie & Urologie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Gynäkologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise