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30.04.2020 | OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA | Ausgabe 3/2020

Lung 3/2020

A Randomized, Controlled, Pilot Study of CPAP for Patients with Chronic Cough and Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Zeitschrift:
Lung > Ausgabe 3/2020
Autoren:
Krishna M. Sundar, Alika M. Willis, Sarah Smith, Nan Hu, Jay P. Kitt, Surinder S. Birring
Wichtige Hinweise
Sundar KM. Chronic cough and obstructive sleep apnea. Understanding the relationship between two common disorder. Platform presentation at American Cough Conference, Reston, Virginia, June 7, 2019.

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Abstract

Background

An association between chronic cough and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been reported in prior studies with resolution or improvement in cough after continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. Controlled studies of the benefit of CPAP on cough-quality of life measures have not been conducted.

Research Question

Does CPAP therapy for OSA improve cough in patients with chronic unexplained cough?

Study Design and Methods

Patients with unexplained chronic cough (> 2 months duration of cough) and OSA were randomized to receive either CPAP or sham CPAP therapy for 6 weeks. The primary end point was the change in health status assessed with the Leicester Cough Questionnaire (LCQ) in patients treated with CPAP vs. sham CPAP. Secondary end points were changes in exhaled breath condensate markers of airway inflammation (interleukin-6, nitrite/nitrates, hydrogen peroxide and 8-isoprostanes).

Results

A total of 22 patients with chronic unexplained cough and OSA were randomized of whom18 completed 6 weeks of treatments with either CPAP or sham CPAP. The CPAP vs. sham CPAP-treated group were comparable in terms of sex distribution, body mass index, and OSA severity. Following CPAP therapy, there was a significantly greater improvement in total LCQ scores as compared to those treated with sham therapy (ANCOVA p value 0.016). No significant differences were noted in the exhaled breath condensate marker changes between CPAP-treated vs. sham CPAP-treated groups.

Conclusion

Treatment of comorbid OSA in patients with chronic cough improved cough quality of life measures following treatment of OSA with CPAP in this pilot study. Larger studies to understand this association and unravel mechanisms of CPAP benefit in chronic cough need to be undertaken.
Clinical Trial Registration NCT03172130

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