Skip to main content
main-content

15.09.2020 | COVID-19 | Reports of Original Investigations Zur Zeit gratis

Early experience with critically ill patients with COVID-19 in Montreal

Zeitschrift:
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia/Journal canadien d'anesthésie
Autoren:
MD, MSc Yiorgos Alexandros Cavayas, MD Alexandre Noël, MD Veronique Brunette, BPharm, PhD David Williamson, PharmD, PhD Anne Julie Frenette, MD Christine Arsenault, MD Patrick Bellemare, MD Colin Lagrenade-Verdant, MD Soazig LeGuillan, MD Emilie Levesque, MD Yoan Lamarche, MD Marc Giasson, MD Philippe Rico, MD Yanick Beaulieu, MD Pierre Marsolais, MD Karim Serri, MD Francis Bernard, MD Martin Albert
Wichtige Hinweise

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Purpose

Montreal has been the epicentre of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic in Canada. Given the regional disparities in incidence and mortality in the general population, we aimed to describe local characteristics, treatments, and outcomes of critically ill COVID-19 patients in Montreal.

Methods

A single-centre retrospective cohort of consecutive adult patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal with confirmed COVID-19 were included.

Results

Between 20 March and 13 May 2020, 75 patients were admitted, with a median [interquartile range (IQR)] age of 62 [53–72] yr and high rates of obesity (47%), hypertension (67%), and diabetes (37%). Healthcare-related infections were responsible for 35% of cases. The median [IQR] day 1 sequential organ failure assessment score was 6 [3–7]. Invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) was used in 57% of patients for a median [IQR] of 11 [5–22] days. Patients receiving IMV were characterized by a moderately decreased median [IQR] partial pressure of oxygen:fraction of inspired oxygen (day 1 PaO2:FiO2 = 177 [138–276]; day 10 = 173 [147–227]) and compliance (day 1 = 48 [38–58] mL/cmH2O; day 10 = 34 [28–42] mL/cmH2O) and very elevated estimated dead space fraction (day 1 = 0.60 [0.53–0.67]; day 10 = 0.72 [0.69–0.79]). Overall hospital mortality was 25%, and 21% in the IMV patients. Mortality was 82% in patients ≥ 80 yr old.

Conclusions

Characteristics and outcomes of critically ill patients with COVID-19 in Montreal were similar to those reported in the existing literature. We found an increased physiologic dead space, supporting the hypothesis that pulmonary vascular injury may be central to COVID-19-induced lung damage.

Nutzen Sie Ihre Chance: Dieser Inhalt ist zurzeit gratis verfügbar.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

Unsere Produktempfehlungen

e.Med Interdisziplinär

Kombi-Abonnement

Für Ihren Erfolg in Klinik und Praxis - Die beste Hilfe in Ihrem Arbeitsalltag als Mediziner

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Jetzt e.Med zum Sonderpreis bestellen!

e.Med AINS

Kombi-Abonnement

Mit e.Med AINS erhalten Sie Zugang zu CME-Fortbildungen des Fachgebietes AINS, den Premium-Inhalten der AINS-Fachzeitschriften, inklusive einer gedruckten AINS-Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl.

Jetzt e.Med zum Sonderpreis bestellen!

Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Webinare und Artikel zur Corona-Krise

Die aktuelle Entwicklung zu SARS-CoV-2 (2019-nCoV) und der Lungenkrankheit COVID-19 im Überblick. » zum Dossier

Bildnachweise