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01.06.2014 | Original Article | Ausgabe 6/2014 Open Access

European Journal of Applied Physiology 6/2014

Creatine supplementation post-exercise does not enhance training-induced adaptations in middle to older aged males

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Applied Physiology > Ausgabe 6/2014
Autoren:
Matthew B. Cooke, Brian Brabham, Thomas W. Buford, Brian D. Shelmadine, Matthew McPheeters, Geoffrey M. Hudson, Christos Stathis, Mike Greenwood, Richard Kreider, Darryn S. Willoughby
Wichtige Hinweise
Communicated by Michael Lindinger.

Abstract

Purpose

The present study evaluated the effects of creatine monohydrate (CrM) consumption post-exercise on body composition and muscle strength in middle to older males following a 12-week resistance training program.

Methods

In a double-blind, randomized trial, 20 males aged between 55 and 70 years were randomly assigned to consume either CrM-carbohydrate (CHO) [20 g days−1 CrM + 5 g days−1 CHO × 7 days, then 0.1 g kg−1 CrM + 5 g CHO on training days (average dosage of ~8.8 g)] or placebo CHO (20 g days−1 CHO × 7 days, then 5 g CHO on training days) while participating in a high intensity resistance training program [3 sets × 10 repetitions at 75 % of 1 repetition maximum (1RM)], 3 days weeks−1 for 12 weeks. Following the initial 7-day “loading” phase, participants were instructed to ingest their supplement within 60 min post-exercise. Body composition and muscle strength measurements, blood collection and vastus lateralis muscle biopsy were completed at 0, 4, 8 and 12 weeks of the supplement and resistance training program.

Results

A significant time effect was observed for 1RM bench press (p = 0.016), leg press (p = 0.012), body mass (p = 0.03), fat-free mass (p = 0.005) and total myofibrillar protein (p = 0.005). A trend for larger muscle fiber cross-sectional area in the type II fibers compared to type I fibers was observed following the 12-week resistance training (p = 0.08). No supplement interaction effects were observed.

Conclusion

Post-exercise ingestion of creatine monohydrate does not provide greater enhancement of body composition and muscle strength compared to resistance training alone in middle to older males.

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