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01.06.2015 | Ausgabe 6/2015

Surgical Endoscopy 6/2015

Endoscopic axillary lymphadenectomy combined with laparoscopically harvested pedicled omentum for immediate breast reconstruction

Zeitschrift:
Surgical Endoscopy > Ausgabe 6/2015
Autoren:
Pusheng Zhang, Yunfeng Luo, Jianwen Deng, Guoli Shao, Shuai Han, Zonghai Huang
Wichtige Hinweise
Pusheng Zhang and Yunfeng Luo contributed equally to this work.

Abstract

Background

To determine the therapeutic and cosmetic outcomes of patients with breast cancer treated with endoscopic axillary lymphadenectomy (EAL) combined with laparoscopically harvested pedicled omentum (LHPO) for immediate breast reconstruction.

Methods

Forty patients with early breast cancer underwent EAL, followed by quadrantectomy and LHPO for immediate breast reconstruction. All patients were evaluated for operating time, blood loss, postoperative hospital stay, complications, etc. The cosmetic outcomes were evaluated 6 months after the surgery, according to the Harris criteria.

Results

The average operating time was 308 min, including 39 min for EAL, 63 min for quadrantectomy, and 58 min for LHPO. The average blood loss was 70 ml, and was mainly incurred during breast resection. On average, the patients were discharged 9.5 days after the surgery. Partial graft necrosis and omental fat liquefaction occurred in one patient each. No other complications occurred after the surgery. No local recurrence or distant metastasis was found during the follow-up. The cosmetic results were mostly satisfactory. No size reduction of the reconstructed breast occurred after radiation therapy. Esthetic evaluation of the reconstructed breast showed that the cosmetic outcome was “excellent” in 35 patients, “good” in 4 patients, and “fair” in 1 patient.

Conclusions

EAL combined with LHPO for breast reconstruction is a viable, safe procedure that causes minimal surgical trauma and results in a soft, shapely breast postoperatively.

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