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01.09.2009 | Ausgabe 9/2009

Surgical Endoscopy 9/2009

Improvement in glycemic control by gastric electrical stimulation (TANTALUSTM) in overweight subjects with type 2 diabetes

Zeitschrift:
Surgical Endoscopy > Ausgabe 9/2009
Autoren:
A. Bohdjalian, B. Ludvik, B. Guerci, L. Bresler, E. Renard, D. Nocca, E. Karnieli, A. Assalia, R. Prager, G. Prager

Abstract

Background

The TANTALUS system (MetaCure Ltd.) is a minimally invasive implantable gastric stimulation modality that does not exhibit malabsorptive or restrictive characteristics. The device applies gastric contractility modulation (GCM) signals to the stomach antrum. The signals are delivered in synchronization to the native electrical activity of the stomach during meals. Retrospective analysis of previous studies indicated that type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) subjects on oral medication with hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) between 7.5% and 9.5% are the population with most potential benefit from the treatment. The current study includes subjects enrolled prospectively within that range of HbA1c.

Aim

To prospectively investigate the potential effect of the TANTALUS system on glycemic control and weight in overweight subjects with T2DM.

Methods

In this European multicenter, open-label study, 13 T2DM obese (6 male, 7 female, BMI 37.2 ± 1.0 kg/m2, range 30.4–44.0 kg/m2) subjects treated with oral antidiabetic medications but with poor glycemic control (HbA1c ≥ 7%, range 7.3–9.5%) were implanted laparoscopically with the TANTALUS system.

Results

Thirteen subjects that had completed 3 months of treatment showed a significant reduction in HbA1c from 8.0 ± 0.2% to 6.9 ± 0.1% (p < 0.05), whereas fasting blood glucose decreased from 175 ± 6 mg/dL to 127 ± 8 mg/dL (p < 0.05). The glycemic improvement was accompanied by reduction in weight from 104.4 ± 4.4 kg to 99.7 ± 4.8 kg, and in waist circumference from 122.3 ± 3.2 cm to 117.0 ± 3.0 cm.

Conclusions

Interim results with the TANTALUS system suggest that this stimulation regime can potentially improve glucose levels and induce moderate weight loss in obese T2DM subjects on oral antidiabetic therapy with poor glycemic control. Further evaluation is required to determine whether this effect is due to induced weight loss and/or due to direct signal-dependent mechanisms.

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