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23.07.2015 | ORIGINAL ARTICLE | Ausgabe 4/2015

Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology 4/2015

Patient-Reported Outcomes Following Breast Reconstruction Surgery and Therapeutic Mammoplasty: Prospective Evaluation 1 Year Post-Surgery with BREAST-Q Questionnaire

Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology > Ausgabe 4/2015
Laxmi Shekhawat, Laleh Busheri, Santosh Dixit, Chaula Patel, Upendra Dhar, Chaitanyanand Koppiker


Breast Cancer (BC) treatment leads to mutilation and destruction of breast shape with negative effects on body image and self-esteem.One of the main goals of reconstructive and oncoplastic breast surgery is to satisfy patients and improve their quality of life (QoL).Therefore, it is important to assess the patient experience post-surgery by means of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) that focus on the patient’s perception of the surgery and surgical care, as well as psychosocial well-being and physical functioning. The objective of the current study was to identify predictors of patient satisfaction such as breast appearance including implant type in a selective sample of women who underwent breast reconstruction surgery using implants. Participants in this prospective study were women, (age 26–75 years) that were newly diagnosed with breast carcinoma. All consecutive patients who underwent breast reconstruction between January 2013 and October 2014 were asked to complete the BREAST-Q questionnaire 1 year after surgery. 120 patients underwent unilateral breast reconstruction using implant. While 38 patients underwent reconstruction with opposite breast reduction symmertization, 27 patients underwent therapeutic mammoplasty. The response rate for BREAST-Q questionnaire completion was 98 % with 147 out of 150 study participants completed the questionnaire. From the data collected from 147 patients, the responses could be distributed into 4 distinct groups based on the reconstruction outcomes namely “very much satisfied” (93 %) or “definitely and mostly satisfied” (94 %) or “satisfied” with the outcome (88 %) or “definitely agree on having reconstruction rather than the alternative of having no breast “(91 %).The results showed significant improvement in all four areas that were evaluated after surgery namely satisfaction with the appearance of the breasts, psychosocial, sexual and physical well-being. While the reconstruction surgery had an overall positive impact on quality of life it was observed that in patients that did not undergo breast reconstruction psychological issues related to sexuality were observed. Many newly diagnosed BC patients do not opt for these new surgical procedures due to psychological trauma or lack of information. Based on these observations, we propose that Breast Cancer Management protocols should also include additional counselling support for the newly diagnosed BC patients on the option of breast reconstruction along with conventional medical treatment counselling by the Oncosurgeon.

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