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01.12.2017 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

Pediatric Rheumatology 1/2017

Munchausen by proxy syndrome mimicking systemic autoinflammatory disease: case report and review of the literature

Zeitschrift:
Pediatric Rheumatology > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Helmut Wittkowski, Claas Hinze, Sigrid Häfner-Harms, Vinzenz Oji, Katja Masjosthusmann, Martina Monninger, Ulrike Grenzebach, Dirk Foell

Abstract

Background

Systemic autoinflammatory diseases (SAIDs) represent a growing number of monogenic, polygenic or multifactorial disorders that are often difficult to diagnose.

Case presentation

Here we report a patient who was initially erroneously diagnosed and treated for SAID. Symptoms consisted of recurrent fever, erythematous and/or blistering skin lesions, angioedema, susceptibility to bleeding, external ear infections and reversible anisocoria in the absence of laboratory evidence of systemic inflammation. After two and a half years of extensive diagnostic work-up and multiple empirical therapies, a final diagnosis of Munchausen by proxy syndrome (MBPS) was established.

Conclusions

The diagnosis of SAID needs to be carefully reassessed if measurable systemic inflammation is missing, and MBPS should be included in the differential diagnosis.
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