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03.01.2019 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 2/2019

Cellular Oncology 2/2019

Nanoquinacrine sensitizes 5-FU-resistant cervical cancer stem-like cells by down-regulating Nectin-4 via ADAM-17 mediated NOTCH deregulation

Zeitschrift:
Cellular Oncology > Ausgabe 2/2019
Autoren:
Anmada Nayak, Sarita Das, Deepika Nayak, Chinmayee Sethy, Satya Narayan, Chanakya Nath Kundu
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

Purpose

Cervical cancer is a major cause of cancer-related death in women world-wide. Although the anti-metabolite 5-FU is widely used for its treatment, its clinical utility is limited due to the frequent occurrence of drug resistance during metastasis. Cancer stem-like cells (CSCs), present in the heterogeneous population of CC cells, are thought to contribute to this resistance. Nectin-4, a CSC marker, is known to play an important role in the cellular aggressiveness associated with metastatic CC. This study was designed to assess the role of Nectin-4 in the acquisition of 5-FU resistance by metastatic CC cells, including its relation to the NOTCH signalling pathway.

Methods

5FU-resistant CC cell lines were deduced from ME-180 and SiHA cells by continuous exposure to a single concentration of 5-FU. Thymidylate synthase (TS) positive cells were isolated from the 5-FU resistant cells, after which a metastatic model was developed. The role of Nectin-4 in the sensitization of 5-FU resistant metastatic CC cells upon incubation with Nano-formulated Quinacrine (NQC) was investigated using multiple bioassays including MTT, FACS, ELISA, immunoflurescence, Western blotting, comet and in vivo plasmid-based short patch and long patch base excision repair assays.

Results

We found that the expression level of Nectin-4, as well as that of other CSC markers (Oct-4, β-catenin, SOX2) and representative NOTCH signalling components (NOTCH-1, Jagged-1, γ-secretase, ADAM-17) were elevated in the 5-FU resistant metastatic cells compared to those in control cells. Increased nuclear translocation of Nectin-4 and increased proliferation and invasion rates were observed after culturing the metastatic cells under hypoxic conditions. Treatment with NQC inhibited the nuclear translocation of Nectin-4 and decreased the proliferation and invasion rates of the cells by inhibiting the induction of base excision repair (BER) pathway components and ADAM-17 expression levels. After combination treatment of Nectin-4 overexpressing metastatic CC cells with a specific ADAM-17 inhibitor (GW280264) and NQC, a decreased Nectin-4 expression, without alterations in BER and/or other NOTCH pathway components, was noted.

Conclusion

Our data indicate that Nectin-4 may play a prominent role in 5-FU resistance of metastatic CC cells and that NQC sensitizes these cells by Nectin-4 deregulation through ADAM-17 inhibition, a major component of the NOTCH signalling pathway.

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